Big Joe Turner, whose full name was Joseph Vernon Turner Jr., was an American blues and R&B (rhythm and blues) singer who made significant contributions to the development of rock 'n' roll music. He was born on May 18, 1911, in Kansas City, Missouri, and passed away on November 24, 1985.
Big Joe Turner's powerful and distinctive voice, along with his energetic stage presence, made him a notable figure in the music industry. Here are some key points about his career and influence:
Pioneering R&B and Jump Blues: Big Joe Turner was one of the leading figures in the world of rhythm and blues and jump blues in the 1940s and 1950s. His music often featured a driving rhythm, horn sections, and his characteristic shouting and boisterous vocal delivery.
"Shake, Rattle and Roll": One of Big Joe Turner's most famous songs is "Shake, Rattle and Roll," released in 1954. This song is often considered a classic early rock 'n' roll track and had a significant influence on the genre's development. It was later covered by Bill Haley and His Comets and became a major hit.
Collaborations: Turner collaborated with several prominent musicians of his time, including pianist Pete Johnson. Their partnership in the 1930s and 1940s helped define the boogie-woogie style and laid the groundwork for the rock 'n' roll piano style.
In addition to "Shake, Rattle and Roll," Big Joe Turner had a string of successful R&B hits in the 1950s, including "Honey Hush," "Corrine, Corrina," and "Flip, Flop and Fly."
Influence on Rock 'n' Roll: Turner's energetic and up-tempo music, as well as his vocal style, helped shape the early rock 'n' roll sound. His contributions to the genre, especially through "Shake, Rattle and Roll," marked an essential transitional phase between rhythm and blues and the emergence of rock 'n' roll.
Big Joe Turner's impact on the music world extended beyond his own recordings. He played a significant role in the development of rock 'n' roll and left a lasting legacy as an influential artist in the history of American popular music.